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GARDENING: Types of plants

Types of Plants

There are several different styles of plants an individual can choose from.  A person could even designate different corners of the dwelling for various styles of climate-controlled plants.  A person could grow fruits like oranges, apples, cherries and strawberries.  A banana or two may even be possible.  Vegetables could be plentiful for a family all year-round.  These could include radishes, avocados, zucchini and broccoli.  Various plants can keep the fruits and vegetables company as well.  A person could choose from a tropical climate plant, rain forest or even small trees can grow in different regions.  An individual can accomplish anything that they choose when they learn the basics.  This is a simple process that can be achieved with a little knowledge and determination.

Cold Weather Plants

Radishes Raphanus sativus
French Breakfast Radishes”Petit Dejeuner” radish-dejFrench variety that can either grow long or round. They have distinctive white bands at the bottom followed by deep red to the leafy green tops.
Rainbow Radishes‘Easter Egg II’ radish-easterThese little beauties come in a variety of colors ranging from white, shades of pink, cherry red, deep burgundy, and violet. Exactly round they all have brilliant white centers no matter the outside coloring.
PlantingFebruary – May    (spring harvest), August – October (fall harvest)
Did You Know?Radishes will be spicier in hot weather as opposed to being harvested in cooler temperatures.
ThinningThinning is really hard as I want everything to grow and succeed in my garden. But if you do not thin, your radishes will be thin and weak.After 3 weeks, take every 2-3 seedling out and leave on with 1” space between each.
BoltingIf radishes are not thinned properly, they will be weak, skinny and small.
FlowersThe flower heads are simple 4 petal flowers either in pink or white. Seed pods grow along the length of the extended stem. While still fleshy, you can eat these as well. Pods have the typical radish bite flavor, but are similar to miniature pea pods.
HarvestingTops of the radishes should peek from the ground. This variety is the size of marbles when mature. Can harvest in succession.
UsesRadishes are great eaten whole, used on sandwiches or sliced in salads. They can be used in bunches to create a wreath to hang on the door for a unique decoration.
StorageTips To keep fresh, store fruit in a cold bath of water in refrigerator for up to three weeks.
Swiss Chard Beta vulgaris
Rainbow Chard‘Bright Lights’chard-rainbowStalks come in a vivid range of yellow, pink, red, yellow and orange.  Large, dark green ribbed leaves.
Container Chard‘Easter Egg II’ chard-gold1Brilliant gold stems hold deep green and ribbed leaves. This particular variety is great either in the ground or in containers for small, urban gardens.
PlantingFebruary – September  Chard does well in containers and in the ground. Hard seed kernels are easy for little fingers to handle.
Did You Know? Chard heirloom varieties come from New Zealand.
Thinning Thinning to 8” apart to allow for ample growth. Bolting One main stem will shoot up a flower spike. To keep chard leaves tender, remove any flowering stem. Flowers Will spring up from a flowering stem. Cut the flower stalk off and use it in an arrangement.
HarvestingChard can be a perennial in the right conditions. If the winter is mild, it may grow back again the next spring.Continually harvesting will produce shorter, sweeter leaves and stems.
UsesChard is great in salads or steamed like spinach. It can be used in soups or lasagna.
Storage TipsTo extend life, cut stems and store in a glass of water with stems submerged.
Peas Pisum sativum
Edible Pod Bush Peas  ‘Sugar Sprint’ peas• A string-less pea variety that is great to grow on bamboo trellises, or iron tepees covered in netting to give the vines something to scramble up on. • Make sure to train the vines when small to grow upward. • Large seeds can be pushed directly in soil with a #2 pencil. Mark 1.5″ up the pencil to make sure they are consistently sown to the same depth.
PlantingFebruary – May (spring harvest), July – August (fall harvest) Soak seeds in water for at least one hour prior to planting. Grows to 24” – 30” tall.
Did You Know?Peas are nitrogen fixing so not only do they provide food, they supply nutrients for the soil as well.
ThinningThinning to 2” apart to allow for ample growth.
FlowersSimple, pure white pea flowers will cover the vines and be replaced with pea pods.
HarvestingGrab a bowl and pluck plump pea pods off the vines.
UsesSugar snap peas can be eaten right off the vine and may not make it to the dinner table.They are great in stir fry, salads, dips or served steamed with butter.
StorageTips Place in Ziploc bag in refrigerator or freezer to use later.

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